Cracked / Broken Tooth
The teeth are strong, but they are still prone to fractures, cracks and breaks.
Sometimes fractures are fairly painless, but if the crack extends down into the
root, it is likely that the pain will be extreme. Fractures, cracks and breaks
can take several different forms, but are generally caused by trauma, grinding
and biting. If a tooth has been fractured or cracked, there is no alternative
but to see the dentist as quickly as possible.
Where a segment of tooth has been broken off, here are some steps that can be taken at home:
Avulsed Tooth (Tooth Knocked Out)
If a tooth has been knocked clean out of the mouth, it is essential to see a
dentist immediately. When a tooth exits the mouth, tissues, nerves and blood
vessels become damaged. If the tooth can be placed back into its socket within
an hour, there is a chance the tissues will grow to support the tooth once
Here are some steps to take:
When a tooth has been loosened from its socket by trauma or decay, it might be
possible to save it. If the tooth remains in the mouth and attached to the blood
vessels and nerves, there is a good chance root canal therapy will not be
It is important to call the dentist immediately to make an appointment. In the meantime, use a cold compress and over-the-counter medications to relieve pain. The dentist will reposition the tooth and stabilize it. If the tooth fails to heal, root canal therapy may be required.
Lost Filling or Crown
Usually, a crown or filling comes loose while eating. Once it is out of the
mouth, the affected tooth may be sensitive to temperature changes and pressure.
Crowns may become loose because the tooth beneath is decaying. The decay causes
shape changes in the teeth – meaning that the crown no longer fits.
If a crown has dropped out of the mouth, make a dental appointment as soon as possible. Keep the crown in a cool, safe place because there is a possibility that the dentist can reinsert it. If the crown is out of the mouth for a long period of time, the teeth may shift or sustain further damage.
DO NOT use any kind of glue to affix the crown yourself!
The dentist will check the crown to see if it still fits. If it does, it will be recemented to the tooth. In the event there is decay present, this will be treated and a new crown will be made.
A dental abscess can cause pain in the face (usually from an upper tooth), or
pain in the area of the lower jaw (usually from a lower tooth), due to a buildup
of pressure from an infection. The pain can be quite severe. This type of
situation can also occur from other infections within the mouth, particularly
from those related to the gum region, and impacted wisdom teeth; but are much
less common in occurrence.
You should seek advice from a dentist urgently to get the abscess drained and/or treated quickly with antibiotics.