A composite (tooth coloured) filling is used to repair a tooth that is affected
by decay, cracks, fractures, etc. The decayed or affected portion of the tooth
will be removed and then filled with a composite filling.
There are many types of filling materials available, each with their own
advantages and disadvantages. You and your dentist can discuss the best options
for restoring your teeth. Composite fillings, along with silver amalgam
fillings, are the most widely used today. Because composite fillings are tooth
coloured, they can be closely matched to the colour of existing teeth, and are
more aesthetically suited for use in front teeth or the more visible areas of
They are very durable, and will last many years, giving you a long lasting,
Reasons for composite fillings:
How are composite fillings placed?
- Chipped teeth.
- Closing space between two teeth.
- Cracked or broken teeth.
- Decayed teeth.
- Worn teeth.
Composite fillings are usually placed in one appointment. While the tooth is
numb, the dentist will remove decay as necessary. The space will then be
thoroughly cleaned and carefully prepared before the new filling is placed. If
the decay was near the nerve of the tooth, a special medication will be applied
for added protection. The composite filling will then be precisely placed,
shaped, and polished, restoring your tooth to its original shape and function.
It is normal to experience sensitivity to hot and cold when composite fillings
are first placed, however this will subside shortly after your tooth acclimates
to the new filling.
You will be given care instructions at the conclusion of your treatment. Good
oral hygiene practices, eating habits, and regular dental visits will aid in the
life of your new fillings.
Crowns & Bridges
A crown (or cap) is a covering that encases the entire tooth surface restoring
it to its original shape and size. A crown protects and strengthens tooth
structure that cannot be restored with fillings or other types of restorations.
Although there are several types of crowns, porcelain (tooth coloured crown) are
the most popular. They are highly durable and will last many years, but like
most dental restorations, they may eventually need to be replaced. Porcelain
crowns are made to match the shape, size, and colour or your teeth giving you a
natural, long-lasting beautiful smile.
Reasons for crowns:
- Broken or fractured teeth.
- Cosmetic enhancement.
- Decayed teeth.
- Fractured fillings.
- Large fillings.
- Tooth has a root canal.
A dental bridge is a fixed (non-removable) appliance and is an excellent way to
replace missing teeth. There are several types of bridges. You and your dentist
will discuss the best options for your particular case. The “traditional bridge”
is the most popular type and is usually made of porcelain fused to metal. This
type of bridge consists of two crowns that go over two anchoring teeth (abutment
teeth) and are attached to pontics (artificial teeth), filling the gap created
by one or more missing teeth.
Dental bridges are highly durable and will last many years, however they may
need replacement or need to be re-cemented due to normal wear.
Reasons for a fixed bridge:
What does getting a crown or fixed bridge involve?
- Fill space of missing teeth.
- Maintain facial shape.
- Prevent remaining teeth from drifting out of position.
- Restore chewing and speaking ability.
- Restore your smile.
- Upgrade from a removable partial denture to a permanent dental appliance.
A crown procedure usually requires two appointments. Your first appointment will
include taking several highly accurate moulds (or impressions) that will be used
to create your custom crown. A mould will also be used to create a temporary
crown which will stay on your tooth for approximately two weeks until your new
crown is fabricated by a dental laboratory.
While the tooth is numb, the dentist will prepare the tooth by removing any
decay and shaping the surface to properly fit the crown. Once these details are
accomplished, your temporary crown will be placed with temporary cement and your
bite will be checked to ensure you are biting properly.
At your second appointment your temporary crown will be removed, the tooth will
be cleaned, and your new crown will be carefully placed to ensure the spacing
and bite are accurate. You will be given care instructions and encouraged to
have regular dental visits to check your new crown or fixed bridge.